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Back to All Reports U.S. Economic Impact of Advanced Biofuels Production: Perspectives to 2030

Prepared on behalf of the Public Health Agency of Canada.

Countries that adopt integrated approaches to health promotion and disease prevention for humans, domestic animals, and wildlife may be able to reap significant net economic benefits compared with traditional approaches that are more fragmented and less effective. Emerging infectious diseases in humans and animals are imposing billions of dollars of economic damages to economies around the world. Prevention and management of disease outbreaks can play a significant role in a nation’s overall economic performance. For example, even though relatively few Canadians were infected by the 2003 SARS outbreak in Canada, the disease significantly affected the country’s overall economic performance in the second quarter of that year.

The One World-One Health paradigm offers a framework for disease surveillance and prevention that acknowledges the interconnections between human and animal health and endorses integrated approaches to disease research, monitoring, and prevention. More than 60% of emerging infectious diseases in recent decades emerged from non-human hosts and, of these, 72% originated in wildlife. Better understanding of wildlife health could provide new opportunities for effective control and prevention of disease outbreaks in domestic animals and humans and in turn, generate sizeable economic benefits.

Features of One World-One Health Approach:

  • Institutional integration across human, domestic animal, and wildlife health disciplines
  • Intensified focus on research and education regarding disease emergence and prevention at human-animal interfaces
  • Improved monitoring and surveillance, genomic research, and field studies to better understand disease interactions across species boundaries
  • Increased investment in wildlife health science as an essential component of global disease prevention and health promotion
  • Focus on measures to prevent “spillover” and “spillback” of disease pathogens through better management of human activities, livestock, and ecosystems